In 3196, the Israeli agreement on the transport of embryos (authorization agreement and status of the newborn) (so far called “law”) was adopted (Ministry of Justice, 1996). The essence of the law is the institutionalization of a formal mechanism that authorizes agreements between parents who “command” a baby and the surrogate mother, who is ready to carry the embryos for them and provide them with the baby or babies at birth. This legislation made Israel the first country in the world to adopt an explicit law on surrogacy (Shalev, 1996a; Shalev 1996b). symptom e Often gestational diabetes goes unnoticed because it causes little discomfort. 35In this study, out of the 655 files submitted to the Committee, 207 (32%) Births have been reported. In more than 60% of the agreements signed, the process did not end with birth. These results are consistent with the known results of IVF in Israel in general (Ministry of Health 2014) and, in particular, surrogacy worldwide (Haklai 2013); Goldfarb et al. 2000; Meniru and Craft 1997; Corson et al. 1998). As far as gestational motherhood is concerned, the child is not biologically related to the surrogate mother, often referred to as a carrier of pregnancy. Instead, the embryo is produced through in vitro fertilization (IVF) with the eggs and sperm of intentional parents or donors, and then transmitted to the replacement donor. In addition, for the distinction between false and stillborn according to birth weight or the age of pregnancy, a pregnancy agreement must contain the following provisions: subsection (a) defines the following terms: gestation agreement.

Jurisdictions that allow surrogacy sometimes offer an option for the intentional mother, especially if she is also the genetic mother, to be recognized as the legal mother without going through the process of abandonment and adoption. Often this involves a birth order [35] in which a court decides the legal ancestry of a child. These orders generally require the consent of all parties involved, including sometimes the husband of a married gestational member. Most jurisdictions provide only an order after birth, often because of the reluctance to force the surrogate mother to waive parental rights when she changes her mind after birth. 24 In Israel, the designated parents are a man and a woman bound in marriage or in a marriage contract (Ministry of Justice, 1996, Chapter A, Section 1). The results of this study show that their average age is “the age of fertility” (36 to 39 years), although in some cases they were over 50 years of age. Their socio-economic indicators are higher than those of surrogate mothers in the following fields: education (more than 50% of academics), work and place of residence. Some have previous children (11%), and very few (1%) had three children before turning to surrogacy. 49 There is an incompatibility between the required response and the legal response to accompany and protect participants in this process.

The committee monitors the signed agreement and protects the replacement, considered the weakest member. In signing the agreement, the Committee is not required by law to control this situation. Social services are only involved in transferring the baby to her designated parents and the surrogate must sign her waiver before submitting her report to the court for an educational decision. These services do not provide an adequate response to the phases of the process, which have proven to be more difficult and vulnerable to difficulties.

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