These criteria, according to which the Germans have been condemned, become the condemnation of any nation that is unfaithful to them. Done in four copies at London on August 8, 1945, respectively in English, French and Russian, and each text has the same authenticity. (a) CRIMES AGAINST PEACE: planning, preparing, initiating or conducting a war of aggression or a war contrary to international treaties, agreements or assurances, or participation in a common plan or conspiracy to carry out any of the above-mentioned elements; In 2005, John Q. Barrett, Professor of Law, St. John`s University & Elizabeth S. Lenna Fellow at the Robert H. Jackson Center, discussed the importance of the 1945 London Accord. . .